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parole/[pə'rəul]/ n. 假释, 誓言, 释放宣言 vt. 宣誓后释放, 使假释...

浙江11选5吧:文都四级背单词练听力 unit2

该听力由文都英语友情提供。

Unit Two词频大于14次小于20次

accident n. 事故,意外

例:His left knee was hurt in a traffic accident. 他的左膝在一次交通事故中受伤了。by accident 偶然,意外的:We met by accident at the airport. 我们在机场不期而遇。拓展:accidental a. 事故的,意外的

听力扩展:

A: I’m so sorry I failed to take part in the match yesterday, but I wasn’t able to, I’m afraid.

B: Well, don’t you think it’s a bit late to be sorry now?

A:I know that, but there was very little I could do about it.

B: It’s all very well saying that there was very little you could do about it, but because of you we lost the game!

A: Yes, I heard, and I am sorry, but there was an accident on the way and I got stuck in the traffic.

B: But why the hell didn’t you phone us to let us know?

A:很抱歉我没有参加昨天的比赛,但是恐怕我当时没法参加。

B :哦,难道你不认为现在道歉有点晚了吗?

A:我知道,但是我当时真是无能为力。

B:说起来好听,你当时无能为力,但是就因为你我们输掉了比赛。

A:是的,我听说了,我很抱歉。但是当时在路上碰上了一桩交通事故,我陷入交通堵塞了。

B:但是你为什么不打电话告诉我们呢?

account v. 解释;n. 记述,描述

例:In English law a man is accounted innocent until he is proved guilty. 根据英国法律, 一个人未经证实有罪仍视为无罪。His illness accounts for his absence. 他因为生病,所以才缺席。搭配:account for 解释:The poor weather may account for the small crowd. 天气不好可能是人来的少的原因。take into account 考虑:We should take this factor into account. 我们应该考虑这个因素。拓展:on account of 由于,因为:She retired early on account of ill health. 她体弱多病,所以提前退休。accountant n. 会计师

听力扩展:

Husband: Hi, honey, here’s my last month’s salary.

Wife: OK, darling. How about this? From now on we’ll put all your salary into our savings account and set aside 20% of my salary as Daniel’s education fund.

Husband: That’s not a bad idea. But do you think the rest of your salary will be enough to cover our daily expenses?

Wife: I got a raise. Have you forgotten it? It should be OK.

Husband: Alright, dear. It’s up to you. I get a headache when it comes to figures.

Wife: That’s why you need a wife like me.

丈夫:亲爱的,这是我上个月的工资。

妻子:好,亲爱的。这样吧,从现在开始,我们把你的工资都存到存折里,另外拿出我工资的20%作为丹尼尔的教育资金。

丈夫:这个主意不错。但是你剩下的工资足够支付日????

妻子:我加薪了,你忘了???应该差不多。

丈夫:好极了。你决定吧。提到数字我就头疼。

妻子:这就是为什么你需要一个像我这样的老婆了。

act v. ①扮演,表演 ②行动;n. ①行为 ②法令

例:Think well before you act. 三思而后行。Parliament has passed an act forbidding the killing of rare animals. 国会通过了一项法令, 禁止捕杀珍稀动物。搭配:act as 担任,充当:Lucy acts as a monitor in her class. 露茜在班里当班长。act for 代表:John will act for his boss to have the meeting. 约翰将代表他老板参加会议。in the act of 正做……的过程中:He made great efforts in the act of saving the victims. 在救援过程中,他帮了大忙。拓展:action n. 行为,行动;acting n. 演技

听力扩展:

W: Your child has aboveaverage ability in reading.

M: Really? I’ve seen her act like a professional on the soccer field, but I was worried about her performance in school.

W: Well, I was a little worried that she might be biting off more than she can chew. But she is doing OK.

M: Her mother and I don’t want her to bury her talents.

W: Your daughter is a can-do person but no person should overdo it.

M: I see your point, Ms. Johnson. I must say that your teaching is quite exceptional. With your perfect skill, you’ve brought the best out of our daughter.

女:你孩子的阅读能力超群。

男:真的吗?我曾看到她在足球场上表现得像个职业球员,可是我担心她在学校的表现。

女:是啊,我也曾担心她力不从心,可她确实做得不错。

男:她的妈咪和我都不想埋没了她的才能。

女:你的女儿是个能人,但别作过头。

男:我明白你的意思,约翰逊小姐。我得说你的教学能力很强。你用完美的技巧完全把我女儿的潜能发挥出来了。

【注】bite off more than one can chew 力不从心;overdo it 作过头;exceptional a. 杰出的

action n. ①行动 ②作用;v. 采取适当行动,采取措施

例: The action lasted three hours. 战斗持续了三个小时。Your request will be actioned. 你的要求会处理的。搭配:take action 采取行动:Firefighters took action immediately to stop the blaze spreading. 消防队员立即采取措施制止大火蔓延。in action 在活动中,在运转:Just press the button to see your favorite character in action. 只要按一下电钮,就可以欣赏你喜欢的角色的表演。into action 实行,实施:The new plan for traffic control is being put into action on an experimental basis. 新的交通管理方案正处于试运行阶段。

听力扩展:

A: There is a Beijing Opera show tonight. Let’s go and watch it together, all right?

B: I’m afraid that I don’t understand it.

A: It doesn’t matter. It’s an acrobatic fighting drama. Even if you dont understand the words, you can definitely understand it just by watching the action.

B: Are the actors famous?

A: I can’t recall their names, but according to the newspaper, they are all very famous.

B: Can you get the tickets?

A: No problem. I can definitely get them.

A:今天晚上有一场京剧,咱们一起去看吧!

B:我恐怕听不懂吧。

A:没关系,是武打戏。你听不懂,一定看得懂。

B:演员出名吗?

A:我说不出他们的名字。不过报纸上说,那些演员都挺有名的。

B:票买得到吗?

A:没问题,肯定买得到。

【注】acrobatic a. 杂技的

actually ad. 实际上,事实上

例:He seems to be doing nothing, but actually he is just biding his time. 他看上去无所事事, 其实却在等待良机。This tree looks high and strong but actually its trunk is hollow. 这棵树看起来又高又壮, 实际上树干是空的。拓展:actual a. 实际的

听力扩展:

A: Working for four hours at a stretch really makes me tired. Why can’t we have a break like many other companies? We need at least a tea break.

B: Our boss is dead nuts on work. Keeping on working and making money is what he has in his mind. Nothing else.

A: But we workers need a rest.

B:Actually in some other companies they also have the exercise to the radio broadcast. We need relaxation once in a while and only in this way can we work efficiently.

A: Yes, it is.

A:连续工作四小时确实令人疲惫不堪。为什么我们不能像其他公司那样中间休息一下呢?至少得有喝茶的时间吧。

B:我们的老板是一个工作狂,他满脑子想的都是工作和钱,别的什么都没有。

A:但是我们员工需要休息。

B:实际上其他公司都有广播操,我们有时需要放松一下,只有这样才能更加有效率地工作。

A:的确是?!咀ⅰ縜t a stretch 连续的;dead nuts 工作狂

advertise v. 登广告,为……做广告

例:If you want to sell your product you must advertise it. 如果要推销产品,就必须登广告。I advertised him of my plan. 我告诉他我的计划。搭配:advertise for… 登广告(征询)……:We are currently advertising for a new sales manager. 目前,我们公司公开征聘销售经理。拓展:advertisement n. 广告

afford v. ①负担得起 ②提供,给予

例:These trees afford a pleasant shade. 这些树提供了荫凉。She felt she couldn’t afford any more time off work. 她觉得再也抽不出时间歇班了。搭配:can (can’t) afford to 承担得起(承担不起):We cannot afford to ignore this warning. 我们对这个警告不能等闲视之。

approach n. ①接近 ②途径;v. 靠近,接近

例:All the approaches to the palace were guarded by troops. 通往宫殿的所有道路都有部队把守。The time is approaching when we must think about buying a new house. 机会来了,我们该想想买新房的事了。搭配:at the approach of 随着……的临近:At the approach of the coming of spring, all plants begin to revive. 春天来了,万物复苏了。approach sb. for/about sth. 为某事同某人打交道:He approached the bank for a loan. 他向银行申请贷款。拓展:approachable a. 可接近的,平易近人的

aspect n. ①方面 ②方位,方向

例:The historical aspect formed the main theme of her essay. 她的论文的主题是由历史观点贯穿起来的。On the course she received a thorough training in every aspect of the job. 在训练班上, 她接受了有关这个工作的全方位的训练。

听力扩展: A woman was singing. One of the guests turned to a man by his side and criticized the singer. “What a terrible voice!” he said, “Do you know who she is?” “Yes,” was the answer, “She is my wife.” “Oh, I beg your pardon.” the man said, “Of course her voice isn’t bad. As to the song’s aspect, I wondered who wrote that awful song?” “I did.” was the answer.一个女人正在唱歌。 一位客人转向他身边的一个男人并批评这位女歌手。他说道,“多难听的声音??!”“你知道她是谁吗?”“是的,”男子回答到,“她是我妻子?!薄疤彀?,实在是不好意思啊,”客人说道,“其实她的嗓音不错,至于这首歌,我就纳闷了谁写出这么难听的歌曲啊?!薄拔倚吹??!蹦腥嘶卮鸬??!咀ⅰ縞riticize v. 批评

assume v. ①假定,设想 ②承担

例:She was in arrogance to assume she would win every time. 她认为每次都能赢,未免太自大了。I made a mistake and I will assume responsibility for it. 我错了,我愿为此承担责任。搭配:assume sb. to 以为,认为:I had assumed him to be an American. 我本以为他是美国人。拓展:assumption n. 假定,假设,(权力的)获得

听力扩展:

Kate: Mom, do you assume what Im going to give you for your birthday?

Mom: No, Honey. What?

Kate: A nice teapot.

Mom: But I’ve got a nice teapot.

Kate: No, you haven’t. I’ve just dropped it.

凯特:妈妈,你知道我要给你一件什么生日礼物吗?

妈妈:不知道,宝贝,是什么呀?

凯特:一把漂亮的茶壶。

妈妈:可是我已经有一把漂亮的茶壶了呀。

凯特:不,没有了。我刚刚把它给摔碎了?!咀ⅰ縯eapot n. 茶壶

attach v. ①附上,系上,贴上 ②使依恋

例:This middle school is attached to a teachers-college. 这所中学附属于一所师范院校。We are much attached to each other. 我们之间感情深厚。搭配:attach sth. to 附在……上:Attach the coupon to the front of your letter. 把优惠券附在信的正面。attach sb. to 参与,参加:He attached himself to me at the party and I couldn’t get rid of him. 在聚会上他老是缠着我,我简直无法摆脱他。拓展:attachment n.①依恋,爱慕 ②附件

听力扩展: Everyone needs friendship. No one can sail the ocean of life single-handed. We need help from, and also give help to, others. In the modern age, people attach more importance to relations and connections. A man of charisma has many friends. His power lies in his ability to give. The term friend covers a wide range of meanings. It can be a nodding acquaintance, a comrade, a confident, a partner, a playmate, a brother, an intimate etc. As life is full of strife and conflict, we need friends to support and help us out of difficulties. Our friends give us warnings against danger. True friends share not only joy but, more often than not, they share sorrow.人人都需要友谊,没有人能独自在人生的海洋中航行。我们给予帮助,同时也需要帮助。如今,人们更重视关系和联系。一个有领袖气质的人有许多朋友,他的权力在于他的给予能力。朋友的意义很广,可以是熟人、同志、知己、伙伴、玩伴、兄弟、密友等。生活充满矛盾和斗争,我们需要朋友的支持,以帮助我们摆脱困境。朋友提醒我们警惕险难。真正的朋友不仅与我们同甘,而且共苦?!咀ⅰ縞harisma n. 超凡魅力;more often than not往往

attitude n. ①态度,看法 ②姿势

例:It’s not his work that bothers me; its his attitude. 困扰我的不是他的工作,而是他的态度。Don’t give me your attitude. 别跟我摆架子。搭配:take an attitude towards/to 对……的看法:He takes a mellow attitude to life. 他对生活有成熟的看法。

听力扩展:One old person complained to the doctor that his right ear was giving him trouble; he couldn’t hear. So the doctor checked, checked, checked, listened, listened and said, “Oh, you know your ear trouble is an old age problem. Your ear is getting old. That’s why you can’t hear.” So the patient said with a bad attitude, “Nonsense, the left ear is just as old.”有个老人向医生抱怨右耳有问题,听不见。医生检查又检查、听了又听,然后说:“哦!你知道吗?你耳朵有毛病是因为年老的关系,你的右耳已经老化了,所以才听不到?!辈∪颂却致车厮档溃骸昂?!我的左耳也一样老呀!”【注】complain v. 抱怨

attract v. 吸引,引起……的注意

例:The flower show attracted large crowds this year. 今年的花展吸引了大批观众。搭配:attract sb.(to sb./sth.) 吸引,使喜欢: What attracted me to her was her sense of humour. 吸引我的是她的幽默感。拓展:attractive a. 吸引人的

average n. 平均数;a. 普通的,平常的

例:Rainfall this year exceeded the yearly average. 今年的雨量超过了年平均降雨量。搭配:on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说:In winter, the temperature here is 2℃ on average. 冬天,这里的平均温度是2摄氏度。averagely a. 平均地,一般地

听力扩展: The average cost of saving one seal was $80,000. At a special ceremony, two of the most expensively-saved animals were released into the wild among cheers and applause from people. A minute later, a killer whale ate them both.救援每只海豹的平均费用达到8万美元。在一个特别的仪式上,有两只花巨款拯救回来的海豹,在人们的欢呼和掌声中被放回大自然。一分钟后,它们双双被杀人鲸吞入肚中?!咀ⅰ縭elease v. 释放,解放;applause n. 掌声

belief n. ①相信 ②信念,信仰

例:There was a happy chime of belief and practice in everything she said. 她所说的每一件事都体现了信仰和行动的完美和谐。His firmness on his belief supported him in difficulties. 困境中,他坚定的信仰支撑着他。搭配:beyond belief 令人难以置信:Dissatisfaction with the government has grown beyond belief. 对政府的不满已经达到令人难以置信的程度。

听力扩展: An ass once found a lion’s skin. He put it on and his belief was that others would be scared, then he walked towards the village. All fled when he came near, both men and animals. The ass felt quite proud. He lifted his voice and shouted, but then everyone knew him. His owner came up and gave him a sound whipping. Shortly afterwards, a fox came up to him and said, “Ah, I knew it was you by your voice.”有头驴发现一张狮子皮,他披着它,心想其他人一定会怕他,然后走进村庄。所有的人和动物见到他走过来都逃走了。驴感到很得意,他高声地嘶叫,却被人认了出来。他的主人跑过来打了他一顿。不久,一只狐狸也跑过来,对他说:“哦,你一张嘴我就知道你是驴?!薄咀ⅰ縲hip v. 鞭打

benefit v. 有益于,得益;n. ①益处,好处 ②救济金

例:This project is of great benefit to everyone. 这项工程对每个人都大有好处。Are you entitled to unemployment benefit? 你有资格领取失业救济金吗?搭配:benefit from从……中受益:I have benefited a lot from extensive reading. 泛读令我受益匪浅。for the benefit of 为了(……的好处):Parents are always thinking for the benefit of their children. 父母总是为孩子着想。拓展:beneficial a. 有益的,受益的

听力扩展:

A: I really like what you have, but the price for this product is much higher than we expected. Im absolutely not a buyer at that price.

B: I know it is not the cheapest on the market. But if you take the quality factor into consideration, you will find your company will benefit in the long term. This device is built in with the most advanced technology. Every aspect has reached the international standard.

A: Err, well, I can’t decide right now. Do you mind if I have a small internal discussion on this first? I will tell you our decision this afternoon.

A:我真的很喜欢你们的产品,但是价格比我们想象的要高,我无法接受这个价格。

B:我知道我们的产品不是市场上最便宜的,但是从产品质量的角度考虑,从长远观点来看贵公司定会受益。我们使用了最先进的技术,各方面都达到了国际标准。

A:嗯,我现在不能决定,我先内部讨论一下你不介意吧?今天下午告诉你我们的决定。

brand n. 牌子,类型;v. 打烙印,铭记

例:She’s gone over to a milder brand of cigarettes. 她已改抽另一牌子、味道较淡的香烟。These frightful experiences are branded on his memory. 这些可怕的经历深深地印入他的记忆。搭配:brand new 全新的,崭新的:This is a brand new computer. 这是一台全新的计算机。brand sb. as sth. 丑化,败坏名声:They were branded as liars and cheats. 他们被说成是说谎者和骗子。brander n. 打烙印的人

听力扩展:

A: I think that would be a good idea. Price is an important variable in our market, so we can use it to build our customer base. If our customers get hooked on the low introductory price, they will buy and become more loyal to our brand. Later on, when we hit a record and have a good customer base, we can increase the price.

B: That sounds like a really clever marketing strategy.

A: This is a very competitive market. We’ve got to come up with a few clever strategies in order to keep our place on top.

B: I think our main strength is with young consumers.

A:我觉得这主意不错。价格在市场上是个重要的变量,所以我们可以利用价格建立顾客基数。如果顾客被我们的低价位所吸引,他们就会购买我们的牌子,并成为我们忠实的消费者。日后,创下销售纪录、打下良好的顾客基础之后,再提高价格。

B:听起来真是个聪明的销售策略。

A:这是个充满竞争的市场。必须想出几个聪明的办法来保持我们的领先地位。

B:我认为我们的优势在于产品能吸引年轻顾客?!咀ⅰ縱ariable n. 变数

community n. 社区,团体

例:His wife has become a woman of some standing in the community. 他的妻子在社区中颇有地位。The money will go to finance a new community centre. 这些钱将用来资助新社区中心。

听力扩展:

A: Would you like to join the Volunteers’League?

B: Do you think I’m crazy? I just quit the Student Council. I don’t want to be so busy. I gave up a good chance of getting scholarships for that。

A: Joining the Volunteers’League won’t take you much time. It only has activities on the weekends. Come on, you won’t regret about joining this club. It’s different from other student clubs or unions.

B: What’s the difference?

A: We can do something for the community in Beijing. Isn’t that special? You can also learn a lot in the Volunteers’League. You will have a chance to learn how to communicate, how to arrange an activity and how to cooperate with your group members.

B: Oh, it means that I will have a good chance to practice my Chinese. You win. Just tell me how to get enrolled for that club.

A:你想参加志愿者联盟吗?

B:你觉得我疯了吗?我刚从学生会退出来,我可不想那么忙了,我已经因为学生会的事儿放弃了获奖学金的大好机会了。

A:加入志愿者联盟不会占用你太多时间的,只是在周末有活动。来吧,参加这个社团你不会后悔的。同其他的学生社团或协会不一样。

B:有什么不一样???

A:我们可以为北京的社区做一些事情。是不是很特别?同时你也可以学到很多东西。你将有机会学习怎样交流,怎样组织安排活动,以及怎样和队友们合作。

B:哦,这就意味着我有机会练习汉语了。你把我说服了,告诉我怎么参加吧。

competition n. ①比赛 ②竞争

例:Because there is so much unemployment, the competition for jobs is fierce. 由于失业人数过多,职业竞争十分激烈。搭配:in competition with 和……竞争:We are in competition with 4 other companies for the contract. 我们在与其他四家公司竞争这项合同。拓展:compete v. 竞争

听力扩展:Once upon a time, there was a crowd of frogs which were going to have a climbing competition, and the destination of which being the top of an extraordinarily high steel tower. A host of frogs were surrounding the steel tower, watching the competition and cheering for the competitors. At the beginning of the competition, frankly speaking, nearly no audience frogs believed that these little frogs could arrive at the top. They were talking about like this, “It is too difficult to reach the top! They surely can not arrive at the top! They can not be successful, because the tower is too high to climb!” After receiving those messages, frogs began to lose heart from one to another, and only a few passionate frogs were still climbing. However, the audience frogs still kept shouting, “It is too difficult and no one could reach the top!” More and more frogs became tired and quitted from the competition. Nonetheless, there was a frog still climbing higher and higher, which had no sense of giving up. It tried very hard and finally became the only winner who arrived at the top. One frog ran to ask the winner where the strength came from during the whole competition. He then finally found out that this frog was totally a deaf!从前,有一群青蛙,组织了一场攀爬比赛,比赛的终点是一座非常高的铁塔的塔尖。一大群青蛙围着铁塔看比赛,给他们加油。比赛开始了,老实说,群蛙中没有谁相信这些小小的青蛙会到达塔顶,他们都在议论:“这太难了!他们肯定到不了塔顶!他们绝不可能成功的,塔太高了!”听到这些,一只又一只的青蛙开始泄气了,只有情绪高涨的几只还在往上爬。群蛙继续喊着:“这太难了!没有谁能爬上顶的!”越来越多的青蛙累坏了,退出了比赛。但有一只却越爬越高,一点没有放弃的意思。最后,它费了很大的劲,终于成为唯一一只到达塔顶的胜利者。一只青蛙跑上前去问胜利者它哪来那么大的力气跑完全程。结果发现这只青蛙是个聋子!【注】extraordinarily ad. 非常地;frankly speaking 老实说

conclude v. ①结束 ②作出决定

例:Once the price had been agreed, a deal was quickly concluded. 价格一经商定,交易很快就达成了。From his appearance we may safely conclude that he is a chain smoker. 从他的外表看,我们可以有把握地断定他烟抽得很凶。搭配:conclude with (使)结束,终止:The performance concluded with Stravinsky’s ‘Rite of Spring’. 演出以斯特拉文斯基的《春之祭》结束。拓展:conclusion n. 结论,结束

听力扩展:Smile is the unaffected, unplanned, natural connection between people. I tell this story in my work because I’d like people to consider that underneath all the layers we construct to protect ourselves, our dignity, our titles, our degrees, our status and our need to be seen in certain ways―underneath all that remains the authentic, essential self. I’m not afraid to call it the soul. I really believe that if that part of you and that part of me could recognize each other, we wouldn’t be enemies. We couldn’t have hate or envy or fear. I sadly conclude that all those other layers, which we so carefully construct through our lives, distance and insulate us from truly contacting others.微笑是人与人之间最自然真挚的沟通方式。我在作品中讲这个故事,是希望人们能仔细想想以下的事情:人常常为自己建立层层的?;つ?,为了维护尊严、头衔、身份、形象等,而必须有所隐藏。我相信在这些掩饰下,每个人都有一个真实、不虚伪的灵魂。如果我们能用心灵去认识彼此,世间不会有结怨成仇的憾事;恨意、妒嫉、恐惧也会不复存在??上У氖?,人们小心翼翼为自己所建造的?;つ?,却阻隔了自己与他人真诚相对的机会?!咀ⅰ縜uthentic a. 可信的;insulate v. 隔离

effective a. 有效的,有影响的

例:The president promised swift and effective retribution against the terrorists. 总统答应会迅速有效地惩??植婪肿?。Advertising is often the most effective method of promotion. 登广告往往是最有效的推销方式。拓展:effect n. 影响,结果;effectiveness n. 有效性

听力扩展: Eagle is the world’s longest life expectancy of birds. It lives up to the age of 70. To live such a long life expectancy, at 40 years of age it must make a difficult but important decision. When the Hawks live up to the age of 40, its claws start aging, unable to effectively seize the prey. Its wings have become very heavy because its feathers grow thick and strong and make it very difficult to fly. There are only two options:die, or rebirth through a very painful update process of 150-day long training session.鹰是世界上平均寿命最长的鸟类,它可以活到70岁。为了长寿,40岁时,鹰必须做一个艰难但是重要的决定。鹰活到40岁时,爪子开始老化,再也不能有效地捕食。由于羽毛厚而壮,它们的翅膀变得非常笨重,难于飞翔。眼前只有两条路:死亡,或者穿越一个痛苦的150天的磨砺,获得重生。

employee n. 雇员

例:He found it very demeaning to have to work for his former employee. 他觉得要为他以前的雇员工作很失身份。拓展:employer n. 雇主,老板;employ v. 雇用

听力扩展:

A: Nevertheless we need to make one decision. I recommend we accept the merger offer, as I agree with the reports findings that it would be better for the company in the longterm future.

B: But what do the other department managers think? Do we have unanimous agreement with this offer?

A: Yes, I believe we do.

B: Did you hold that employee meeting yesterday? What was the general reaction?

A: A majority believes that you should agree.

B: Well then, my decision must take into consideration the thoughts of my employees, so I will agree to it.

A:无论如何我们得做出决定。我建议我们接受合并提议。我同意报告的调查结果,合并符合公司长远的利益。

B:但是其他部门主管怎么想?对于这个提议,大家都同意吗?

A:是的。我想是的。

B:昨天你开员工大会了吗?普遍的反应怎么样?

A:大多数人认为你应该接受。

B:那好,我一定仔细考虑员工的意见再作决定。我会同意的。

【注】merger n. 合并,归并;unanimous a. 意见一致的

enable v. 使……能够,使可行

例:The software enables you to access the Internet in seconds. 这种软件使你在几秒钟内便可访问互联网。Reading this book enables you to have a general idea about the country. 读这本书能让你对那个国家有个大体的了解。拓展:disable v. 使不可能

听力扩展:Little Robert asked his mother for two cents. “What did you do with the money I gave you yesterday?” “I gave it to a poor old woman,” he answered. “Youre a good boy,” said the mother proudly. “Here are two cents more. But why are you so interested in the old woman?” “She is the one who enables corns to popcorn.”小罗伯特向妈妈要两分钱?!白蛱旄愕那墒裁戳??”“我给了一个可怜的老婆婆,”他回答说?!澳阏媸歉龊煤⒆?,”妈妈骄傲地说?!霸俑懔椒智???赡阄裁炊阅俏焕咸敲锤行巳つ??”“她是个卖爆米花的?!薄咀ⅰ縫opcorn n. 爆米花

encourage[nkrd] v. ①鼓励,鼓舞 ②支持

例:Peter, my English teacher, never fails to encourage us to study hard. 我的英文老师彼得总是鼓励我们要好好用功。High prices for farm products encouraged farming. 农产品价格的提高有助于农业发展。搭配:encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事:Our parents are always encouraging us to be a decent person. 父母总是鼓励我们做个正直的人。be encouraged at sth. 因某事而受到鼓舞:Terry is greatly encouraged at the famous guy’s achievement in charity. 泰瑞因那位名人在慈善事业上取得的成就而受到极大的鼓舞。拓展:encouragement n. 鼓励,鼓舞

factor n. 因素,因子;v. 把……因素包括进去,作为因素

例:The determinate factor of our economy is to control inflation. 经济的决定性因素是控制通货膨胀。Don’t forget to factor in rushing hours when you figure the time you need to get there. 计算到达那个地方花费的时间时,别忘了考虑交通高峰。搭配:factor sth. in/into 把……因素包括进去: The accountant forgot factoring in bus fee when calculating the general costs. 计算总花费时,会计忘了考虑公共汽车费用。

听力扩展:

Tina: Hi! Emma, long time no see. How was your life in England?

Emma: Is you, Tina! Im glad to see you. I was back to China a few days ago. I had a great time in my study in England. It is a beautiful country and the people there are very kind, although sometime I got myself embarrassed because of the different culture.

Tina: Really?Whats the exact difference between the west culture and the east culture? Could you give me some examples?

Emma: My pleasure! You never know how polite British people are in public places. Whatever they go to buy tickets or food, they all like to queue up! They comply so much with the public order. And all people in England think that honesty is an important factor to judge whether a person has good character or not. They hate liars!

蒂娜:艾玛,好久不见了。在英国过得怎么样?

艾玛:是你呀,蒂娜。很高兴见到你。我是前几天回国的。 我在英国的学习很愉快,虽然有时因为文化的差异让我成为笑柄,但是英国真的是个美丽的国家,英国人很友好。

蒂娜:真的吗?西方文化和东方文化到底有什么不同呢?你能举些例子吗?

艾玛:非常荣幸,你绝对没想到英国人在公共场合多么有礼貌。无论是去买票还是买食物,他们都很遵守公共秩序,自觉排队。 人们普遍认为诚实与否是衡量一个人是否具有良好素质的重要因素,说谎者在当地是不受欢迎的。

【注】queue up 排队;comply with 服从,遵从

feature n. ①特征 ②容貌

例:The personification of evil as a devil is a feature of medieval painting. 用魔鬼象征罪恶是中世纪绘画的特色。Wet weather is a feature of life in this area. 天气潮湿是这个地区的特点。搭配:feature…as… 以……为特色:The film features Anthony Hopkins as Picasso. 这部电影由安东尼?霍普金斯扮演毕加索。feature in 起重要作用:Olive oil and garlic feature prominently in his recipes. 橄榄油和大蒜在他的食谱中显得很重要。拓展:featured a. 有……的面貌特征的

听力扩展:

A: Do you know what the main feature the Sydney Olympics is?

B: Of course, I know. Environmental protection.

A: Do you know when IOC put forward the issue of environmental protection?

B: Sorry, I have no idea about it.

A: Let me tell you. In 1991, at that time, Sydney put forward the slogan “environmental protection”, thus, it won the bid.

B: What a nice memory! Oh, I know that Beijing and Sydney bid for the Olympic Games together.

A: Yeah, Sydney had five strategies: save energy, save water, reduce trash, prevent pollution, and protect the environment.

B: They have racked their brain.

A:你知道悉尼奥运会有什么特点吗?

B:我当然知道?;繁0?!

A:你知道国际奥委会在哪一年提出环保问题的吗?

B:抱歉,我还真不知道。

A:我告诉你,是1991年。当时,悉尼正是打出“环保牌”才赢得申办权的。

B:好记性!噢,我知道那时北京和悉尼一起参加申奥。

A:不错,悉尼有五大战略,即:节能、节水、减少垃圾、防止污染与?;せ肪?。

B:他们可谓绞尽脑汁?!咀ⅰ?rack ones brain 绞尽脑汁

focus n. 焦点,焦距;v. 集中,聚集

例:Bring the object into focus if you want a sharp photograph. 要照出清晰的照片,就要把焦点对准物体。搭配:focus on 集中于……:The discussion focused on three main problems. 讨论集中在三个主要问题上。In this scene, the camera focuses on the actor’s face. 在这个镜头中,摄影机对准演员的脸部。拓展:focused a. 聚集的

听力扩展:

A: Did you know that Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize?

B: Yes. The Nobel Committee must be crazy; they really made a wrong decision.

A: Why?

B: You know no presidents can be a real pacifist; they can only focus on their own nation’s benefits.

A: Maybe you are right, but I think the Committee made a wise decision.

B: How did you get this conclusion?

A: The Nobel Committee compelled Obama to be a pacifist by conferring the prize on him. So the world can be really peaceful.

B: It is interesting. It seems that it’s Tripitaka’s Curse.

A: Yes, the Nobel Peace Prize is an inhibiting magic phrase.

B: It looks like I should support the decision.

A:你知道奥巴马获得诺贝尔和平奖了吗?

B:嗯,诺贝尔委员会一定是疯了,他们真是做错决定了。

A:为什么?

B:你知道,没有哪个总统是真正的和平主义者的,他们只看重本国的利益。

A:也许你是对的,但是我觉得诺贝尔委员会的决定是明智的。

B:你怎么会这么认为呢?

A:诺贝尔委员会通过这个奖项迫使奥巴马成为和平主义者,这样世界就能真正和平了。

B:真有趣,听起来就像是三藏的紧箍咒。

A:对啊,诺贝尔和平奖就是紧箍咒。

B:看来我应该支持这个决定了。

【注】pacifist n. 和平主义者;Tripitaka’s Curse 三藏的紧箍咒;inhibiting a. 约束的

function n. 功能;v. 运行,起作用

例:The machine won’t function properly if you don’t oil it well. 如果不给机器加油, 它就无法正常运转。搭配:function as sb./sth. 起……作用,具有……功能:I need money to be able to function as an artist. 有钱才能成为艺术家。

given a. ①倾向于,② 赠予的;prep. 如果有,假如

例:After 10 years in prison, he was given his freedom. 他在监狱服刑10年后获释。Given the same treatment again, he is sure to get well. 如果照样再给他治疗一次,他肯定会痊愈。

听力扩展:

A: By the courtesy of Mr. Johnson, we are given to understand the name and address of your company. If it is not too much trouble, we look forward to our tour for your firm, and moreover, we would like to talk to some of the technicians.

B: Thanks for your calling. Please let me know when you are free; we will arrange the tour for you in advance.

A: Thank you very much; I’ll give you a call this afternoon.

B: That’s for sure. I believe that you will know our products better after the visit.

A:承蒙约翰先生的介绍,我们得知贵公司的名称和地址。如果不是太麻烦的话,我们盼着参观你们的工厂,并想与技术员交流交流。

B:谢谢你的来电。请告诉我你们什么时候有空,我们好提前作安排。

A:非常感谢,今天下午我会给你电话确认。

B:就这么定了。我相信,参观之后你会对我们的产品更加了解。

identify v. ①识别,认明 ②觉得与……有联系

例:She identified that the man was her attacker. 她认出那个男人就是袭击过她的人。One can not identify happiness with wealth. 幸福和财富不能混为一谈。搭配:identify with sb. 谅解,同情:I couldnt enjoy the book because I couldnt identify with any of the main characters. 我不喜欢这本书,因为我无法与其中的任何主要角色产生共鸣。identify as 确认,认出:The bodies were identified as two suspected drug dealers. 尸体已被辨认,原来是两名毒贩嫌疑人。拓展:identification n. 鉴定,辨认,确定

importance n. 重要(性),重大

例:He has an exaggerated idea of his own importance. 他自视过高。He emphasized the importance of careful driving. 他强调小心驾驶的重要性。搭配:attach importance to 重视:The police officer attached great importance to finding out the criminal at the meeting. 警官在会上高度强调抓捕罪犯的重要性。

听力扩展: In my opinion, to protect environment, the government must take even more concrete measures. First, it should let people fully realize the importance of environmental protection through education. Second, much more efforts should be made to put the population planning policy into practice, because more people mean more pollution. Finally, those who destroy the environment intentionally should be severely punished. We should let them know that destroying environment means destroying mankind themselves.我的看法是,为了?;せ肪?,政府应当采取更具体的措施。首先,应当通过教育的方法使人们充分认识到环境?;さ闹匾?。第二,应更加努力地把计划生育政策付诸实施,因为人口多就意味着污染严重。最后,严惩故意破坏环境者。要让他们明白破坏环境就是毁灭人类自己。

improvement n. 改进,改善

例:The humanitarian scientist called on the improvement of the poor’s living condition. 这位人道主义科学家呼吁改善穷人的生活条件。I see little prospect of an improvement in his condition. 我看他的情况不会有什么改善。搭配:improvement in/on/to 改善,改进:There is still room for improvement in your work. 你的工作尚有改善的余地。This is a great improvement on your previous work. 你的工作比先前有很大进步。

听力扩展:

A: I saw a photo on internet just now; it’s a photo of a big family.

B: There must be many people in it.

A: Yeah, 150 members of Gao in De Chang county took the photo.

B: How great the family is!

A: It includes five generations from the aged to babies.

B: It’s rare to see such a big family.

A: Yeah, it was the first time to gather together for them since 600 years.

B: They were offered the opportunity because of the improvement of our living standards.

A: Yeah, dramatic changes have taken place in the big family in a hundred years.

B: They must be so excited.

A:刚刚在网上看到一张照片,是一个大家庭的全家福。

B:照片里肯定有很多人吧。

A:是的,德昌县高家150多人拍成了“百人全家?!?。

B:真是个庞大的家庭??!

A:五代人同照,从耄耋老人到吃奶的婴儿。

B:这么大的家庭在世界上很少见呢。

A:是啊,这也是高家600年来全家人第一次聚会。

B:现在生活水平提高了,为他们提供了这次机会。

A:是的,这个大家庭在百年里发生了翻天覆地的变化。

B:他们一定都很高兴。

indicate v. ①显示,指示 ②指明,表明

例:He indicated his willingness with a nod of his head. 他点头表示愿意。Research indicates that men find it easier to give up smoking than women. 研究表明,男人比女人更容易戒烟。搭配:indicate…to sb. 指……给某人:She took out a map and indicated the quickest route to us. 她拿出一张地图,给我们指出最近的路线。拓展:indication n. 表明,指示;indicator n. 指示者

听力扩展: In the Three Kingdoms Period, during a battle between Cao Cao and Liu Bei, the latter ordered his generals Zhao Yun and Huang Zhong to capture Cao Cao’s supplies. Cao Cao led a large force against Zhao Yun, who retreated as far as the gates of his camp. There, he ordered that the banners be lowered and the war drums silenced, and that the camp gates be left wide open. Zhao Yun then stationed his troops in ambush nearly. When Cao Cao arrived and saw the situation, he immediately suspected a trap and withdrew his forces. This idiom (Yan Qi Xi Gu) is nowadays used to indicate halting an attack or ceasing all activities.三国时代,曹操与刘备交战。刘备命令大将赵云、黄忠去抢夺曹操的粮食。曹操带领大军追赶赵云。赵云边打边退,一直退到营寨前。赵云命令士兵打开营门,放倒军旗,停止擂鼓,在营外设好埋伏。曹军追到,看到这种情景,怀疑有埋伏,就撤退了?!百绕煜⒐摹闭飧龀捎锵衷谟美幢扔魍V构セ骰蛘呤虑橹兄??!咀ⅰ縞amp n. 营寨,帐篷;ambush n. 埋伏;withdrew v. (withdraw的过去时) 撤退

influence v. 影响,感化;n. 影响力,影响

例:His parents no longer have any real influence over him. 他的父母对他不再有任何真正的约束力了。Don’t let me influence your decision. 不要让我影响你的决定。Listening to the music has a calming influence on her. 听音乐对她起了一种镇静的作用。搭配:influence on/upon 影响,作用;拓展:influence over 支配力,控制力 influential a. 有影响的,有势力的

听力扩展: I had just pulled over someone for driving under the influence when another car pulled up behind us. I stopped what I was doing and walked back to see if the driver needed assistance. “No, I don’t need any help,” he said. Then, pointing to the alarming light on the roof of my police wagon, he continued, “I just stopped for the red light.”我刚刚把一个酒后驾驶的司机的车拦了下来,一辆车就紧跟着停在了我的车后面。我停下手上的工作,径直走到后面的车那里,看看那位司机是否需要帮助?!拔颐皇?,我不需要什么帮助”,他说。接着,他指着我警车上闪着的红色警灯,“看到红灯,所以我停下来了?!薄咀ⅰ縰nder the influence 醉酒;police wagon 警车

knowledge n. ① 知识 ②了解

例:She has a detailed knowledge of this period. 她对这段时期的情况相当了解。搭配:to one’s knowledge 据某人所知:To my knowledge, they get on well with each other. 据我所知,他们相处得很融洽。come to one’s knowledge 被某人知道,被某人获悉:It has come to our knowledge that you have been taking time off without permission. 我们了解到你们时常未经允许就不上班。拓展:knowledgeable a. 知识渊博的,有见识的

听力扩展: Once upon a time there was a small island on which lived Happy, Sad, Knowledge and Love. One day, feeling that the island was about to sink, they were ready to ship, leaving the island. Only Love to stay, she wanted to hold on until the last minute. After a few days, the small island really sank, and Love would like to be helped. At this time, Rich, riding on a ship, passed by. Love said, “Rich, you can take me away?” Rich replied, “No, I’m on board many of the treasures of gold and silver, not your position.” Sad came over. Love asked for help, “Sad, let me go with you!” “Oh. Love, I am sad too, and want to stay for a while a person!” replied Sad. Happy passed, but she was too happy, and did not hear Love! All of a sudden, a voice, “Come! Love, I take you away.” This is an elderly person. More than happy, Love forgot to ask his name. On land, the elderly walked away alone. Love asked Knowledge of an elderly person, “Who is helping me?” “He is the time.” replied the elderly Knowledge. “Time?” Love asked, “Why does he help me?” Knowledge of the elderly smiled, “Only time will understand how great love is.”从前有一个小岛,上面住着快乐、悲哀、知识和爱。一天,得知小岛快要下沉了,大家都准备船只离开小岛。只有爱留了下来,她想坚持到最后一刻。过了几天,小岛真的要下沉了,爱想请人帮忙。这时,富裕乘着一艘大船经过。爱说:“富裕,你能带我走吗?”富裕答道:“不,我的船上有许多金银财宝,没有你的位置?!北Ч戳?,爱向她求助:“悲哀,让我跟你走吧!”“哦,爱,我实在太悲哀了,想自己一个人呆一会!”悲哀答道??炖肿吖纳肀?,但是她太快乐了,竟然没有听到爱在叫她!突然,一个声音传来:“过来!爱,我带你走?!闭馐且晃怀ふ?。爱大喜过望,竟忘了问他的名字。登上陆地以后,长者独自走开了。爱对长者感恩不尽,问知识老人:“帮我的那个人是谁?”“他是时间?!敝独先舜鸬??!笆奔??”爱问道,“为什么他要帮我?”知识老人笑道:“因为只有时间才能理解爱有多么伟大?!?br />
local a. ①地方性的,当地的 ②局部的

例:I suggest that he put an advertisement in the local paper. 我建议他在当地的报纸上登条广告。He provided local delicacies for his guests’meal. 他用当地的美味佳肴来招待客人。拓展:locality n. 位置,地点

听力扩展: An elderly woman and her little grandson whose face was sprinkled with bright freckles spent the day at the zoo. Lots of children were waiting in line to get their cheeks painted by a local artist who was decorating them with tiger paws. “You’ve got so many freckles there’s no place to paint!” a girl in the line said to the little fellow. Embarrassed, the little boy dropped his head. His grandmother knelt down next to him. “I love your freckles. When I was a little girl I always wanted freckles”, she said while tracing her finger across the childs cheek, “Freckles are beautiful.” The boy looked up, “Really?” “Of course,” said the grandmother, “Just name me one thing that’s prettier than freckles in me.” The little boy thought for a moment, peering intensely into his grandma’s face, and softly whispered, “Wrinkles.”一位老太太和她长满雀斑的小孙子一起在动物园里游玩。很多小孩都在排队等候一位当地的艺术家在他们脸上画出虎爪的造型?!澳懔成险饷炊嗳赴?,都没地方画了!”队列中有个女孩儿对小男孩说。小男孩感到很难堪,就低下头。奶奶蹲下来对他说:“我喜欢你的雀斑,我小时候总想长这些雀斑呢,”她抚摩着男孩的脸颊,“雀斑很美丽!” 男孩抬起头,“真的吗?”“当然是真的,”奶奶说,“你看我身上还有什么比雀斑更美丽呢?” 小男孩想了一下,又认真地凝视着奶奶的面孔,小声地说:“皱纹?!薄咀ⅰ縡reckle n. 雀斑;wrinkle n. 皱纹

maintain[menten] v. 维持,坚持

例:Mankind has been trying every means to maintain the balance of nature. 人类想方设法维持生态平衡。拓展:maintenance n. 维护,生活费

听力扩展:

A: I also dislike having to listen to advertisements when they are broadcast in stores or on the subway.

B: I couldn’t agree more. That annoys me too. With billboards, you can look away, but with broadcasts, you can’t avoid them.

A: Do you like the way that advertising agencies use comedy in their campaign?

B: I suppose I do. I don’t like the way that advertising campaign often tells you if you don’t buy a certain product, you’re not cool or modern or something.

A: That kind of advertising seems to be very common with brand name products. They are always trying to maintain brand loyalty.

A:我不喜欢听商店和地铁里面播放的广告。

B:我完全同意。我也讨厌那种广告。如果是广告牌,你可以不看它;但是广播,你却没法儿不听。

A: 你喜欢广告宣传里面的幽默吗?

B:喜欢。我不喜欢那种老是告诉你,如果你不买某个产品,你就不够酷,不够时尚之类的广告宣传。

A:品牌产品常常这样,它们总是想让人们忠实于品牌?!咀ⅰ縝illboards n. 广告牌

nature n. ①自然,自然界,自然状态 ② 本性,性质

例:Cats and dogs have quite different natures—dogs like company, and cats are independent. 猫和狗的习性迥异——狗喜欢有伴儿,猫爱独来独往。It’s her nature to be generous. 慷慨大方是她的天性。搭配:in nature 性质上,本质上:The liberation of the whole nation in 1949 was a great change in nature. 1949年的全国解放是本质上的改变。in the nature of sth. 与……类似,以……风格:His speech is in the nature of an apology. 他讲的话就算是道歉。拓展:natural a. 自然的,自然界的

听力扩展:

W: Mike, come and look at this painting of shrimps! It is so simple yet so vivid!

M: Yeah. It is incredible! Is it the work of Qi Baishi?

W: Yes, it is. How do you know that?

M: Well, Qi is famous all over the world, isn’t he? Besides I am quite interested in Chinese painting.

W: Cool! What kind of Chinese painting do you prefer, Xie Yi or Gong Bi?

M: I prefer Xie Yi painting, especially the landscape paintings. I can always sense peace and harmony from those landscape paintings.

W: That’s true. Chinese art stresses the harmony between Man and Nature, which is an important part of Chinas traditional culture.

女:迈克,快来看这幅虾戏图!简单但却非常生动!

男:是啊。简直令人难以置信! 这是齐白石的作品吗?

女:是的。你怎么知道的?

男:这个嘛,齐白石世界闻名,不是吗? 而且我对中国画很感兴趣。

女:你真棒!写意和工笔两种中国画,你更喜欢哪种?

男:我更喜欢写意画,尤其是风景画。风景画能让人体味平静与和谐。

女:的确如此。中国艺术强调人与自然的和谐,这也是中国传统文化的重要组成部分?!咀ⅰ縮hrimp n. 小虾;incredible a. 难以置信的

physical a. ①身体的 ②物理的 ③物质的

例:Physical disability causes mental anguish. 生理伤残会引起心理苦闷。Staying up late makes him at his worst in terms of physical situation. 熬夜使得他的体力状况处于低潮。拓展:physics n. 物理学;physician n. 医师

听力扩展:

A: I’ve heard some friends say when they get the article, it’s quite different from what they see on the website advertisement.

B: That happens. Without close quality examination, we may encounter fraud, and the e-shop may suddenly disappear.

A: What’s more, it’s not always so safe for us to pay online as hackers might steal the user name and password.

B: It’s said that some measures have been taken to deal with this problem. Paying online is much safer than before, but I still have the feeling that it’s not safe enough.

A: I can’t agree more. That’s why I only do street shopping.

B: Me too. Sometimes I surf online shops to check some related information, and then go to a physical store to do the actual shopping.

A: That’s a good idea.

A:我听朋友说,网上买到的东西和网站广告上看到的很不一样。

B:确实有这种事,不好好检查质量,可能会买到假货,网店也没准儿突然消失。

A:而且网上付费有时也不安全,黑客可能会偷走用户名和密码。

B:听说已经采取措施解决这个问题了。现在网上付费比以前安全多了,但我还是觉得不够安全。

A:你说得太对了,所以我只在实体店买东西。

B:我也是。有时候我会逛逛网店,查一下产品信息,然后到实体店里去买。

A:这法儿不错?!咀ⅰ縠ncounter v. 遇到,相遇;fraud n. 欺骗,骗子;hacker n. 电脑黑客

positive a. 肯定的,积极的,正面的;n. 优点

例:He was positive that he had seen it in the newspaper. 他肯定曾在报纸上看见过这则报道。There is positive proof that he did it. 有确切的证据证明他做了此事。Take your weaknesses and translate them into positives. 把自己的弱点转变成优点。搭配:positive about 自信的,乐观的:She tried to be more positive about her new job. 她力求对新工作更有信心。拓展:position n. 位置,立场

professional a. 职业的,专业的;n. 专业人员

例:Don’t wear those clothes to work; try to look more professional! 别穿这些衣服去工作, 要穿得像个专业人员的样子。She is a real professional. 她是个真正的专家。拓展:profession n. 职业

听力扩展:

A: I saw the most powerful freshman yesterday.

B: What was it?

A: The girl took Lincoln to register with 19 suitcases.

B: Unbelievable!

A: What seems more exaggerated; two professional guides were arranged by her parents.

B: Must be from a rich family.

A: Yeah, the parents also required the school to arrange a detached dormitory with washroom.

B: Words failed me, really be hopeless!

A:昨天我看到一个最牛的新生。

B:怎么回事?

A:这个大一女生坐加长林肯,并携带了19箱行李报到。

B:简直难以置信。

A:更夸张的是,家长还给她配备了两名专职导游。

B:一定是个富家女。

A:是的,家长还要求学校给女儿安排一间独立的带卫生间的寝室。

B:我对此无话可说了,简直无药可救!

【注】exaggerated a. 夸大的,夸张的;detached a. 分开的,分离的

project n. 工程,计划;v. ①计划,设计 ②表达 ③伸出,突出

例:The project became so expensive that we had to pull out. 项目耗资太大,我们只好退出。He planted some flowers on the balcony that projects over the street. 他在探出的阳台上种了些花。搭配:project oneself 展现,表现,确立(好形象):She projects an air of calm selfconfidence. 她表现出镇定自若的神态。拓展:projection n. 推测,设想;projector n. 放映机,投影仪

听力扩展:

Jack: We’ve been here for three hours, and we havent finished a thing yet.

Mike: Look. I wrote the story, so I know what to do.

Jack: But you’re not telling people their roles.

Mike: I’m resting now. I’ll direct everybody in a minute.

Jack: You’re the laziest person I’ve ever met. We have to practice or else we won’t win like the last three years in a row.

Mike: Whatever. I’m going for a drink.

Jack: Damn it, Mike! We have to get this done! We don’t have much time left. You ruined the whole project.

Mike: Whatever you may say.

杰克:我们已经在这儿三个小时了,什么也没做成。

迈克:看,剧本是我写的,我知道该干嘛。

杰克:但是你没告诉别人他们的角色。

迈克:我现在在休息,我很快就可以搞定一切。

杰克:你是我见过的最懒的人。我们必须得练习,不然就不可能像过去三年那样一直夺冠了。

迈克:随便你,我得喝点儿东西。

杰克:搞什么鬼。迈克!我们必须弄好这些!我们没时间了,你搞砸了整个计划。

迈克:随便你怎么说。

range n. 范围;v. ①归类于 ②延伸,漫游

例:The childrens ages range from 8 to 15. 孩子们的年龄在8岁到15岁之间。Several cars are available within this price range. 在这个价格范围内,有好几种汽车可供选购。搭配:in/within the range of 在可及的范围内:He shouted angrily at anyone within range. 他看见谁,就对谁喊。out of range 超出……的范围:The cat stayed well out of range of the children. 这只猫离孩子很远。range over 涉及:His lecture ranged over a number of topics. 他的讲座涉及多个话题。

听力扩展: With the development of science and technology, there has been a boom in the ways for us to get information. But reading books still remains essential to the acquisition of knowledge. The forms of reading may differ from person to person. Some prefer to read selectively rather than read extensively. To them, the range of knowledge is so wide that its beyond their reach to cover every field. With purposeful reading, much of their time and energy will be saved.随着科学技术的发展,人们有了更多获取信息的方法。但是,读书对于获取知识仍是必不可少的。读书的方式因人而异。一些人喜欢有选择性地阅读,而不是广泛阅读。对他们来说,知识的范围如此之广,它无法涵盖各个领域。有目的地阅读,可以节省很多时间和精力?!咀ⅰ縜cquisition n. 获得,获得物;beyond reach 达不到

relationship n. 关系,关联

例:In view of our long-standing relationship, we agree to allow you a discount. 鉴于长期的合作关系, 我方同意给你方折扣。Mike is rather timid with women, so Sue has to make all the running in their relationship. 迈克在女子面前很腼腆, 所以苏珊只好对迈克主动一些。relationship with 关系,联系:She has a close relationship with her sister. 她和她妹妹非常亲密。拓展:relation n. 关系,联系;relate v. 联系,使有联系

reward n. ①报酬,报答 ②赏金;v. 给……报酬,奖赏

例:You have received a just reward. 你已得到了应有的报酬。They rewarded the winners with gifts of fruits and flowers. 他们奖给优胜者一些水果和鲜花。搭配:reward for 奖励,回报,报酬:You deserve a reward for being so helpful. 你帮了这么大的忙,理应受到回报。reward sb. for 奖励,奖赏:She was rewarded for her efforts with a cash bonus. 她因自己的努力而获得一笔奖金。拓展:award n. 奖品v. 授予,奖励

听力扩展: A naval officer fell overboard. He was rescued by a deck hand. The officer asked how he could reward him. “The best way, sir,” said the deckhand, “is to say nothing about it. If other fellows knew I’d pulled you out, they’d throw me in.”一名海军军官从甲板上掉入海中。他被一名甲板水手救起。这位军官问如何才能酬谢他。 “最好的办法,长官,”这名水手说,“是别声张这事。如果其他人知道我救了您,他们会把我扔下去的?!薄咀ⅰ縩aval a. 海军的;deckhand n. 水手

science n. 科学

例:He started to study ecology and decided to devote his whole life to the science. 他开始研究生态学,并决心将他的一生献身于这门科学。

听力扩展:

A: “I’ll prepare a hundred coffins, 99 for corrupt officials and one for myself.” Who said so impressive words?

B: Of course our former premier Zhu Rongji.

A: Really? I like him very much!

B:“My criticism is sometimes too severe and that is not good.” he once said, “But why do you have to wait until your leader flies into a rage before starting to do your work? It’s not that you can’t do it, rather that you won’t do it.”

A: Although he graduated from a prestigious university of science and engineering—Tsinghua University in Beijing and majored in electrical engineering, he is smart at words.

B: Yes, and he also has a good command of English. He is rarely seen speaking from a script. His eloquent speech has always retained the attention of his listeners.

A:“我已经准备好了一百口棺材,九十九副留给贪官,一副留给我自己!”是谁说了这么令人敬佩的话?

B:当然是我们的前总理朱镕基了。

A:真的吗?我非常喜欢他!

B:“我有时批评过于严厉,这不是很好?!彼倒?,“但为什么要等到领导暴跳如雷之后,才开始做你的工作呢?这并不是你不能做,而是你不做?!?br />
A:虽然他毕业于著名的理工科大学——清华大学,学习电气工程,但却善于言辞。

B:是的,朱总理英语水平也很高。他很少看着讲稿发言,他雄辩的演说始终吸引着听众?!咀ⅰ縞orrupt a. 腐败的;script n. 脚本

sense n. ①感官,感觉 ②理智,意义

例:I hope she soon sees sense and stops fighting a battle she cannot win. 我希望她能很快明白过来,别再打这场打不赢的仗了。in a sense 从某种意义上说:In a sense it doesn’t matter any more. 从某种意义上说,这件事已经无关紧要了。搭配:make sense 有意义,明智:What she has said so far does not make any sense. 到目前为止,她说的话没有任何意义。拓展:sensation n. 感觉,知觉;sensitive a. 敏感的;sensible a. 明智的

听力扩展: A mole, a creature blind from birth, once said to his Mother, “I am sure that I can see, Mother!” In the desire to prove to him his mistake, his Mother placed before him a few grains of frankincense, and asked, “What is it?” The young Mole said, “It is a pebble.” His Mother exclaimed,“My son, I am afraid that you are not only blind, but that you have lost your sense of smell.”鼹鼠的眼睛一出生便是瞎的,可小鼹鼠却对妈妈说,“妈妈,我能看得见?!彼杪柘胫っ魉拇砦?,便拿来一小块香喷喷的食物,放在他面前,问道:“它是什么?”小鼹鼠说,“小石头?!蹦盖拙埃骸鞍?,不幸的孩子,你不但眼睛看不见,连嗅觉也没有了?!薄咀ⅰ縨ole n. 鼹鼠;frankincense n. 乳香

statement n. 声明,陈述

例:The purport of the statement is that the firm is bankrupt. 该项声明大意是说该商行已破产。statement on/about 声明,陈述:The prime minister is expected to issue a statement on the policy change this afternoon. 人们预计首相将在今天下午就政策的改变发表声明。拓展:state v. 陈述,声明

听力扩展:

A: Management wants you to make the public announcement tomorrow afternoon.

B: Me? But I’m the worst speechmaker though!

A: Come on! Don’t be modest. You’ve done this a thousand times before!

B: That doesn’t mean I have to like it. Has the necessary statement already been prepared?

A: Yes. I will bring it to you as soon as I print off a copy.

A:管理层想要你明天下午做发布会。

B:我吗?但是我是最差的演讲者??!

A:没关系的!不要谦虚啦,之前你已经做过1000次了!

B:那并不意味着我必须喜欢它,必要的声明已经准备好了吗?

A:准备好了。一打印出来,我就给你拿过来。

status n. ①地位,身份 ②情形,状况

例:He only bought the yacht as a status symbol, for he hates sailing. 他买游艇只是为了显示身份,其实他根本不喜欢玩游艇。My promotion brings into question the status of certain other members of staff. 提升我后某些职员的地位就成了问题。拓展:state n. 情形,状况

听力扩展:A man was hit by a cab in the street. He was brought to the hospital. His wife who was standing up by his bed wanted to know his status and said to the doctor, “I think that he is very ill.” “I am afraid that he is dead.” said the doctor. Hearing this, the man moved his head and said, “I’m not dead. I’m still alive.” “Be quiet,” said the wife, “The doctor knows better than you!”一个男人在街上被出租车撞倒送进了医院。他的妻子站在他的床前对医生说:“我想他伤得很厉害?!币缴担骸翱峙滤丫懒??!碧揭缴幕?,这个男人转动着头说:“我没死,我还活着?!逼拮铀担骸鞍簿?,医生
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