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浙江11选5走势图任选基本走势跨度走势图:MODEL TEST 05 星火英语英语6级听力直通249分+MP3(含字幕)

Model Test 5
Section A
Directions:
In this section,
you will hear 8 short conversations
and 2 long conversations.
At the end of each conversation,
one or more questions will be asked
about what was said.
Both the conversation and the questions
will be spoken only once.
After each question there will be a pause.
During the pause,
you must read the four choices marked
A), B), C) and D),
and decide which is the best answer.
Then mark the corresponding letter
on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the center.
Now let's begin with the 8 short conversations.
11.M: Thank you for your helpful assistance.
Otherwise, I'd surely have missed it.
The place is so out of the way.
W: It was a pleasure meeting you. Goodbye!
Q: Why does the man thank the woman?
12. M: Excuse me,
I heard that there were a couple of
jobs available in the library.
So I'd like to apply for one of them.
Can I fill out the application form at home
and bring it back next week?
W: Sure, but you should know that
we're about to start looking at the applications,
and we hope to make some job
offers in a few days.
Q: What does the woman imply?
13. M: That's a great dress, Cindy.
I don't think I've ever seen you wear it before.
W: Oh, I have.
It's just that it's sent back to my closet.
My sister gave it to me like ages ago
and I totally forgot about it.
Q: What does the woman imply?
14.W: Well, did you manage to get information
from Professor Baker?
When are our results coming in?
M: Well she was a bit tight-lipped about it.
Q: What can be inferred about Professor Baker?
15. W: I hate the way the trains run in this city.
I've been waiting here for almost half an hour.
M: It's almost eight o'clock,
so we should be on our way soon.
Q: When does the woman begin waiting for the train?
16.W: Ooh, this is my favorite song:
"Iron Man," by Black Sabbath.
Do you want to give it a try?
I have an extra guitar,
so we can play against each other.
M: Sure, why not?
I'll show you how a real rock star does it!
Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
17.W: I'm really in a flap about the interview.
I'm in such a need of the job
that I can't afford any mistakes.
M: Take it easy. You've made enough preparations.
I'm sure you'll pass it.
Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
18.M: I was so disappointed to
hear that Jim lost his job.
I know that his daughter was sick last month,
so he was always
late to work.
W: Oh, that wasn’t it.
Jim made a big error in this week's accounting.
The boss was furious.
Q: Why was Jim fired?
Now you will hear the two long conversations.
Conversation One
M: Let's look at your problem:
you always fail the job interviews.
W: It seems so, unfair. And the thing is
that I always find those questions hard to answer.
for example, they always ask
me what I think is important in a job.
M: In this case,
you should mention specific rewards
other than paycheck, for example,
challenge and the feeling of
accomplishment.
W: That sounds good.
And they often ask what makes me decide to
join their company, especially when they are
rather small and young.
M: You can tell them that you believe
you would have better opportunities
with a small but rapidly expanding
company like theirs.
W: Great. I think the most difficult question is
what my greatest strengths and weaknesses are.
M: They are tough questions.
For your greatest strengths,
give a response like this:
“I can see what needs to be done
and do it.”or“I work well with others.”
W: Terrific.
M: For your weaknesses,
you can identify one or two,
such as “I tend to drive myself too hard”.
The trick is to
describe a weakness so that
it could also be considered a virtue.
W: I see. Sometimes they also ask me
what I don't like about my previous jobs.
M: You can talk about the things you don't like,
but avoid making even
the slightest reference to any of your former
employers
W: I'll remember that.
M: Never forget to have
at least one question ready,
because the interviewer usually
asks if you have any questions
about the job or the company
at the end of the interviews.
W: I understand employers like a candidate
who is interested in the organization.
M: Right.
If you can smoothly apply answers
like these during the interview,
you are bound to make a good impression.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on
the conversation you have just heard.
19. What is the woman suggested to mention
when asked what is important
to her in an interview?
20. What is the woman's biggest problem
in an interview?
21. What does the man warn against doing
when it comes to previous experience?
Conversation Two
M: Hi, Grace.
Mind if I eat lunch with you?
W: No. Mr. Evans, not at all.
M: Thanks.
I just heard that you're studying nutrition
and you've got quite a bit of experiences
working in the cafeteria,
so I wonder if you will be interested
in a small project we are doing this term.
W: What's the project all about?
M: More and more students have been deciding
not to buy the meal here
and we want to attract them back.
So I want to hear what students would like.
Your job would be to find out.
W: Well, if the menus were changed,
then maybe I wouldn't have to
listen to so much criticism.
M: That makes you perfect for the job.
Would you be interested?
W: I'm not sure.
What sorts of changes are you thinking of?
M: I'd like to make some changes in the way
we prepare our food.
For example,
just look at what we have to choose
from today. You got a fried hamburger
and I got fried chicken.
They both contain too much fat.
W: But you'd better not get rid of them.
They're everybody's favorite.
M: Well, we can certainly keep them,
but we need to give the people
who are health-conscious some choices.
For example, we could also prepare chicken
without the fatty skin
and serve it on some rice with a light sauce.
Do you think that would appeal to students?
W: Well, I'd like that.
You're right.
You'd better find out what others think.
Sorry, I've got to get back to work.
I'd like to hear more though.
I'll drop by your office later.
M: OK, see you then.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on
the conversation you have just heard.
22. What are the two speakers talking about?
23. What does the man want the woman to do?
24. What does the man suggest the cafeteria do?
25. What is the woman’s attitude
of the man’s project?
Section B
Directions: In this section,
you will hear 3 short passages.
At the end of each passage,
you will hear some questions.
Both the passage
and the questions will be spoken only once.
After you hear a question,
you must choose the best answer from
the four choices
marked A), B), C) and D).
Then mark the corresponding letter
on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the center.
Passage One
In recent years,
many Americans of both sexes and various ages
have become increasingly interested
in improving their bodies.
They have become more devoted
to physical fitness.
Many persons have a strong desire
to become more physically fit.
By nature, Americans are enthusiastic,
and energetic about hobbies or pastimes.
And now many of them apply this enthusiasm,
optimism, and energy to running.
As a result,
there are more running clubs to join
and numerous books
and magazines to read about running.
The desire for American people
to be physically fit could probably be explained
by a “passion” for good health.
The high rate of heart attacks
in the 1960s has caused an increase of interest
in improving the health condition of human body.
Middle-aged men especially
suffer from heart attacks.
Thus, they are one group strongly interested
in taking more physical exercise.
In fact, many doctors often
encourage their patients to
become more physically active,
especially those who have inactive jobs.
It is quite interesting to note
that the rate of heart attacks began to decrease
between 1972 and 1974
and it is still decreasing now.
It seems that physical fitness has now
become a new “love” of Americans.
But will it last very long? Nobody knows.
Only time will tell—
or until another “new passion”
comes along and takes its place.
Questions 26 to 29 are based on
the passage you have just heard.
26. What happens when American people
apply great enthusiasm in running?
27. Why are Americans
so interested in physical exercise?
28. Which of the following is NOT true
according to the passage?
29. What kinds of patients are
especially encouraged
to take part in physical exercise?
Passage Two
American visitors to Eastern Asia
are often surprised and puzzled
by how Asian cultures and customs differ from
those in the United States.
What's considered typical
or proper social conduct in one country
may be regard as odd,
improper or even rude in the other.
For example,
people from some Eastern Asian countries
may begin a conversation with a stranger
by asking personal questions about family,
home or work.
Such questions are thought to be friendly,
whereas they might be considered offensive
in the United States.
On the other hand,
people in most Asian cultures
are far more guarded about
expressing their feelings publicly
than most Americans are.
Openly displaying annoyance or anger,
yelling, arguing loudly
and so forth is considered ill-mannered
in countries such as Japan.
Many Eastern Asians prefer
to hold their emotions in check
and instead express themselves
with great politeness.
They try not to be blunt
and avoid making direct criticisms.
In fact,
they often keep their differences of opinion
to themselves and merely smile
and remain silent
rather than engage in a confrontation.
By comparison,
Americans are often frank about
displaying both positive
and negative emotions on the street
and in other public places.
Americans visiting Asia should keep in mind
that such behavior may cause offense.
A major difference between Americans culture
and most Eastern Asian cultures
is that in Eastern Asia,
the community is more important
than the individual.
While most Americans are considered
a success when
they make a name for themselves.
Questions 30 to 32 are based on
the passage you have just heard.
30. How would some Asians
start their conversation
when they meet for the first time?
31. What would a Japanese do
when he feels annoyed?
32. What is encouraged
in American culture according to the passage?
Passage Three
Good morning students,
I hope you have been able
to read the two books about speech
and hearing problems
that I put in the library.
Today’s lecture deals with
the presence of the unusually
large deaf population that existed
on the Massachusetts island of
Martha’s Vineyard
for about three centuries.
From the settlement of the island
in the 1640s to the twentieth century,
the people there,
who were descended from only twenty-five
or thirty original families,
married mainly other residents of the island.
They formed a highly inbred group,
producing an excellent example of
the genetic patterns
for the inheritance of deafness.
In the late eighteen hundreds
one out of every twenty-five people
in one village on the island was born deaf,
and the island as a whole
had a deafness rate at least seventeen times
greater than that of the rest of the United States.
Even Alexander Graham Bell,
the inventor of the telephone
and a prominent investigative researcher
into hearing loss,
visited Martha’s Vineyard to
study the population.
But because the principles of genetics
and inheritance were still unknown,
he was not able to explain the patterns of deafness
and why deaf parents
did not always have deaf children.
In the twentieth century,
the local population has mixed with people off the island
and the rate of deafness has fallen.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on
the passage you have just heard.
33. Where does this talk take place?
34. Why were so many people there deaf?
35. What did Alexander Graham Bell
hope to do when he went to the island?
Section C
Directions:
In this section,
you will hear a passage three times.
When the passage is read for the first time,
you should listen carefully for its general idea.
When the passage is read for the second time,
you are required to fill in the blanks
numbered from 36 to 43
with the exact words you have just heard.
For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
you are required to fill in
the missing information.
For these blanks,
you can either use the exact words
you have just heard
or write down the main points
in your own words.
Finally, when the passage
is read for the third time,
you should check what you have written.
Now listen to the passage.
Why are there no restaurants on the moon?
Great food. No atmosphere.
The atmosphere is the layer of gases
that surrounds a planet or other massive body.
Although our atmosphere
extends for tens of miles,
almost ninety-nine percent of it
is within eighteen miles of the earth's surface.
Our own atmosphere is mostly nitrogen,
with about 20 percent being the oxygen we breathe.
But, a planet doesn't start out having an atmosphere like ours.
Much of the carbon dioxide that envelops earth,
for example, was originally embedded inside rocks,
and later released by heat from the sun. About a billion years ago,
simple green plants started generating oxygen,
which soon became a major part of our atmosphere as well.
But more than these kinds of natural processes
are needed to have an atmosphere, you also need gravity.
Without sufficient gravity,
any gases will just leak out into space and be gone.
The earth loses some of its atmosphere this way,
but in general it has enough mass to hold on.
The moon, on the other hand,
with only one-sixth the gravitational pull of the earth,
isn't big enough to do the job.
Still, recent observations have shown
that the moon does in fact have an atmosphere of its own.
It's so thin, however,
that it only counts as one in technical terms,
and certainly couldn't be breathed.
So much for that restaurant.
Now the passage will be read again.
Why are there no restaurants on the moon?
Great food. No atmosphere.
The atmosphere is the layer of gases
that surrounds a planet or other massive body.
Although our atmosphere extends for tens of miles,
almost ninety-nine percent of it
is within eighteen miles of the earth's surface.
Our own atmosphere is mostly nitrogen,
with about 20 percent being the oxygen we breathe.
But, a planet doesn't start out having an atmosphere like ours.
Much of the carbon dioxide that envelops earth,
for example, was originally embedded inside rocks,
and later released by heat from the sun. About a billion years ago,
simple green plants started generating oxygen,
which soon became a major part of our atmosphere as well.
But more than these kinds of natural processes
are needed to have an atmosphere, you also need gravity.
Without sufficient gravity,
any gases will just leak out into space and be gone.
The earth loses some of its atmosphere this way,
but in general it has enough mass to hold on.
The moon, on the other hand,
with only one-sixth the gravitational pull of earth,
isn't big enough to do the job.
Still, recent observations have shown
that the moon does in fact have an atmosphere of its own.
It's so thin, however,
that it only counts as one in technical terms,
and certainly couldn't be breathed.
So much for that restaurant.
Now the passage will be read for the third time.
Why are there no restaurants on the moon?
Great food. No atmosphere.
The atmosphere is the layer of gases
that surrounds a planet or other massive body.
Although our atmosphere extends for tens of miles,
almost ninety-nine percent of it
is within eighteen miles of the earth's surface.
Our own atmosphere is mostly nitrogen,
with about 20 percent being the oxygen we breathe.
But, a planet doesn't start out having an atmosphere like ours.
Much of the carbon dioxide that envelops earth,
for example, was originally embedded inside rocks,
and later released by heat from the sun. About a billion years ago,
simple green plants started generating oxygen,
which soon became a major part of our atmosphere as well.
But more than these kinds of natural processes
are needed to have an atmosphere, you also need gravity.
Without sufficient gravity,
any gases will just leak out into space and be gone.
The earth loses some of its atmosphere this way,
but in general it has enough mass to hold on.
The moon, on the other hand,
with only one-sixth the gravitational pull of earth,
isn't big enough to do the job.
Still, recent observations have shown
that the moon does in fact have an atmosphere of its own.
It's so thin, however,
that it only counts as one in technical terms,
and certainly couldn't be breathed.
So much for that restaurant.
This is the end of listening comprehension.
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